^ ^







J Lamed, the twelfth letter of the Alphabet. It inter- changes with the liquids, e. g. Jibisbttj a. rnia"lttj; n313 a. npb &c. b as first radical letter often rejected in in- flection, e. g. npb, rig, nnip &c.

>> as a numeral letter, thirty, v. 'X.

? V i> ti ?> ^*J prefix (b. h.) unto, to, toward, for; (before infinitive of verbs) to. Pes. I, 1 '31 riSQIKb 11K, v. "11X11.— sort, xab, v. xa III. Ber. I, 1 bisxb to eat; ninpb to read; a. v. fr. lb. 1HX HW> to one day, i. e. within one day (until morning). Zeb. 5, 3 '31 flbibl Dlib within a day and a night until midnight (v. comment.), lb. '31 "jO DiJSb inside of the curtains. Ber. 2a msb be- fore it, rTnn&6 after it. lb. 14a naxb D3inbx fQ between Elohekhem a. Etneth. lb. 13a '21 155 ia*ibl but as to Babbi's opinion, might not also argument be raised &c. ? ; a. v. fr. —With personal pronouns: *b to me, 5|b, rcb, T(b; Ch. ?pb &c— Ex. B. s. 3, v. -SCn. Ber. 2b *I^V»OB was un- known to them.— Chald. : *itfb (v. i3Pl) let the text read; X£ib (v. X72X) let him say. lb. 2a sq. ; a. v. fr.

fcO (b. h.; v. 1Kb) not, no. Ber. 1, 1 '31 Hffp xb we have omitted to recite &c. lb. Ill, 4 '31 xbl . . . xb neither before nor after. Nidd.5a '21 pb "pX Kb, no; it means &c, v. 1Kb; a. v. fr. xbl indeed not? Hull. 4b '21 airom xbl indeed not (is it so that the verb TFpti never refers to pei-suasion by speech)? Do we not read &c.?; a. v. fr. rt'UWJ Kb (rils^) a prohibitory law, opp. fittSJ, a positive command; v. 1Kb. Kidd. I, 7. Mace. 14b bot.; a. v. fr.— xba ivithout. Ber. 35a bot. rT3*13 'S without pronouncing a benediction; a. v. fr.— xbffl Klril, v. KIM.

CS>I ch. same. Targ. Gen. II, 5; a. v. fr. Pes. 10b Kb . . "ina "pX . . . maps before the time when it is for- bidden, yes (he must search after leavened bread); after the time, no (he must not search). lb. XJU5 Kb there is no difference ; a. v. fr.

2>^ II m. (preced. wds.) particle, mote. Yoma 20b, v. Ka-iH. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXVHI, 3 laittJH xb3 they are like a mote.

N3 III pr. n. m. La, abbrev. of xbiX, xbifi; v. Fr. M'bo, p. 75b.

bCtf &0, mj&O, Koh. B .to VII, 1 1 end-misplaced ; read : '31 xnxp E)K msxi . . . pb'Jl X'iSxb pbo ; v. ib. to IX, 10, end.

ns5, v. 1Kb.


"IfcO h. a. ch. (v. 1Kb) wo, not. Targ. Y.HDeut.XXXIlI, 3. B. Kam. 60a 'b OKI but if not, opp. UP DK. Hull. 24a "Oh 'b KM but without it (if the text did not say so), B. Kam. 10a If-PX 'ba without him. lb.bnK 'b iKbut for thee (sitting on it) ; iTnayinx'b iK had you not been (sitting on it) with me. Ib. itfi 1S153 'b 1H3 his force (pressure by leaning) is not to be considered as an action equal to (sitting on it with) his body; a. v. fr. 'b KbK but, must you not admit?, i. e. but to be sure, v. xbx. Ber. 2b; a. v. fr. 'b ix» what (does this mean)? Does it not (mean) that &c. Nidd. 5:i; a. fr.— Esp. ixb (lib) m. (= Hbsn Kb) a plain prohibitory law, the violation of which, in the absence of any severer punishment indicated in the Script- ure, is punished with thirty-nine lashes (v. D^aiX, s. v. nsa-iK). Men. 58>>, a. e. nibbsaUJ 'b an implied prohibition, e.g. Lev. II, 11 (where ba implies any mixture of leaven or honey); Ex. XII, 9 (where lbDXn bx refers to K3, to bisar, and implicitly to any preparation not through the action of fire). Ib. '31 'bs mixb Kb the prohibition in this case is not a special one for itself as is the prohib- ition, 'Thou shalt not muzzle' (Deut. XXV, 4, which is preceded by the law regulating corporal punishment); Pes. 41 b.— filUS bb2a xan 'b (v. bba) a prohibition deriv- ed by implication from a positive command, e. g. the law (Lev. I, 2) defining what animals are fit for the altar and indirectly excluding unclean animals. Zeb. 34a . . . 'b libs "pplb . . the transgression of an implicit prohibition is punishable with lashes ; ib. libs "pplb "pX ... 'b is not punishable. Pes. 1. c. tWS nffir bbsa xan 'b a prohibi- tion derived from a positive command is treated like a positive command (the neglect of which is not indict- able); Hull. 81a; a. fr.— Jlttwb pniDH 'b, v. pro.— PI. -pixb Opllb). B.Mets. llla 'b i3^a libs liasb to make the trans- gressor answerable for two acts. 'b iann those guilty of transgressing a plain prohibitory law, punishable with

lashes, contrad. to nirvna iann, mma 'n (v. ain h.).

Yeb. 10b; a. fr.— Ch. pi. iixb. Hull. 801'. Tem. 4b.— [Tosef. Erub. XI (VIII), 23, v. \\b.]





wb, v. w*.

KTOHfl»b, v. aoai-jb.

SP.^b, v. wwrk

T «' T

"W, v. •<«. m.

"^fcO, JlfcO (b. h.) fo Jafcor (in rain); fo 6e <irea\ Gen. B. s. 50 (expl/lxb-'i, Gen. XIX, 11), v. next w. Nif. nxb.3 to be exhausted. B. Kam. 82a; a. e.

nfcOch. same, 1) to labor. Targ. Josh. XXIV, 13; a. fr.— *2) to be tired. Targ. O. Gen. XIX, 11 W$> ed. Berl. (oth. ed. ISOXb; Y. T*»frnBK); a. fr.

Ithpe. ifctbx to be worn out, to make a vain effort. Gen. B. s. 50 (ref. to ixbil. Gen. 1. c.) "p^bs they labored in vain (with ref. to Is. XVI, 12) ; ",103iK they grew sick (with ref. to Is. I, 14); [Yalk. ib. 84 1S03>bl (with ref. to Ex. VII, 18).— V. ^nb, ^b.

nS5, rVbf "^S (- V V&l = l^b. Tosef. Erub. XI (VIII), 23 mm &OT3 *ub xn (ed. Zuck. Tib, read lib) was this (the first tongs) not a divine creation?, i. e. it was nothing else than &c; Pes. 54a bWl t)iatt} *P 3 n*n3'b an (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. notes 9 a. 10) ; Tosef. Hag. I, 9 'b an (ed. Zuck. Obit, Var. "nb an read: lib).— Ker. 12a 3"n ""Kb "<n&<alM3 Tft^S xb Ar. (ed. only "Was l*b 3"n) no; in this case, too, he may correct himself (saying), I did not remain &c. Ib. 6b iai"ix -p2"<a "^sb it is not so ; they are neces- sary. Ib. '31 3TDT 'b it is not; for it is written &c. Snh. 40b nSBia "W13BX ""Kb it is not so ; there is indeed an ex- pression in the text open for interpretation; Sabb. 64a '31 i«b is it not? it is indeed &c. Yoma 22b mSiaa TjnBK 'b no? Indeed, he was punished on his body.

T^&O, part, of D*.

"'TtEPJS!* m- (p*F<°p) rhetor, advocate. SifreDeut. 343 '31 inxb lb "ibujai imtfttl . . . 'bb like to an advocate who stands on the platform (in court) and has been hired by a man to speak in his behalf; Yalk. ib. 951 . . . lU^bb '31 "13131 (corr. ace).

^<b,v. 1Kb.

mjb, v. rt*.

l"lO"OfcO (accus. of Aa^eat;) by Lachesis! (the goddess of fate). Lev. B. s. 30 (in a speech of a gentile robber) '31 "T«n2JK Stb 'b b"K Ar. (Var. *,OT3Xb, T03Xb; in ed. differ, phraseology, a. our w. omitted) by L. ! Noth- ing has been left to me of all &c. [Ar. explains Itlbxb (?).]

SOD&C, Targ. Lam. Ill, 34 *&&* 'b mnn some ed. (oth. "»lb:P"l nmr), a misplaced and corrupt Var. for S03ab in the beginning of the verse.

■JDD&O, v. TtpDKb.

"&&&* v. -inbx.


?fi v. *

n3?Sb, part, of i?b.

fcTOIDfctb, UTDnDS5, Targ. Y. I Num. XI, 8, a cor- rupt, for ^D">EbN, v. OBbx; v., however, VUfftya.— V. K-HSb.

nSpSb, v. IKRYJV

Zl5m.(b. h.; 33b; cmp.3"ip a. 3^3) [innermost,] heart, bosom; thought, inclination, mind &c. Sot. I, 5 nab n^n nS3 if her bosom was handsome (inciting the senses). Shebu. 26a "jD3K tjab thy heart has carried thee away against thy will, i. e. you were under the impression that you told the truth. Nidd. 3b,a.fr. 1Bp13 Tab, v. C)p3l. Men. 79b, a. e. in">bs nsra T'a ab the authorities (in receiving materials for offerings) accept them with a condition at heart (that they may dispose at their discretion of what has not been used for sacrifices). CA 13b, v. I. Midr. Till, to Ps. IX, 1 T»i»S lab his heart is against him, he bears him a grudge.— Zeb. 21a D^pTiS blU Tab? fcOXinb to remove (the false opinion) out of the heart of the Sadducees, i. e. to demonstrate, by practice, the rejection of their opinion; Hag. 23a (Ms. M. QipTtxn "MO); Yoma 2a (Ms. M. 'xn iJBa, v. Par. Ill, 7). Gen. B. s. 87, end (in a gloss) r.l^an blT *,3ba n&OXinb in order to remove (the bad opinion about) her out of the hearts of men, i. e. to save her reputation.— Ned. 20b, v. ttk-lft; a. v. fr.— Trnsf. a) the marrow of trees, the sap-ioood. Meg. I4a; Succ. 45b as the palm-tree '31 inx ab xbN lb "pat has only one 'heart' (sap-cells only in the stem but none in the branches), so has Israel one heart directed to his Father &c— b) centre, central portion. Lev. B. s. 30, end '31 bia nab ablb a Lulab which is the central stalk of the palm tree, v. 3blb.

PI. f. niab. Midr. Till, to Ps. VII '3i 'b -,ma nnxir nan from the fact that thou examinest hearts and reins &c. —V. 33b.

nb, sab, i&pb, *qnb, *qnb, '^bch.same. Targ.

Gen. VI, 5^ TargJl Chr. XII, 38; a.'fr. Ab. Zar. 55a 13b 3>"ii Tiabl myself and thyself are convinced &c. Midr. Till.

to Ps.vn (ref. to a-iairn, ib. xii, 8) -jinaba Rrpi-nK "wa

'31 guard the Law in their hearts. Ib. to Ps. XXVIII, end (ref. to Gen. XXXVII, 4) XaiS3 "W 'bai na as they thought so did they speak, but there (II Sam. XIII, 22) 'bai na StalSa Kb he did not speak out what was in his heart;

Gen. B. s. 84 -,inaisa Tin-pba n; rrwta mspba *i what was in his heart remained there. Snh. 35a [read:] Vto "i^jjiSt iT233ii<"T 'b paro KalSI although they (the secre- taries) record the word of mouth (the vote of each judge), the heart (the impressiveness of the argument), once for- gotten, remains forgotten (cannot be recalled several days after; v. Bashi in Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). Hull. 59a, a. fr. SOp"n '3X on an empty stomach; a. v. fr. "i xa'bx (rr^bx), V. aaiba.— PI. £ab, 'apb, s^aab, s^aab, paab, ■nab, '^b. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 19 fc^ab (ed. Lag. pniab). Targ. Jer. XII, 3. Targ. H Esth. V, 1 ; a. fr.

&05 f. (b. h. nab)/fa»we. Erub. 53b a Galilean woman




(v. T^"S) says instead of X3bn "fiO'lK'l "SP (come, 1 will give thee cream to eat) : X2b -pbsin Ms. M. a flame con- sume thee (ed. Ki2b a lion &c), v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.— [Pes.

4-j1' X2b ma traac, v. xsb.] SZ2 = xanb. v. as.

r - t - :' t

SD5, Targ. Y. Gen. XVIII, 8, v. •*-$.

*SDv or "Q-? (v- n-V?) [togroio white; cmp. Joel 1,7,] to 6e dried up, v. infra.

Pa. K2b or tab to % dry. M. Kat. 1 la iN2b it*mi2 raiB

x Ar. ed. Koh. the Pumbeditheans laid the fish dry

(by changing the course of the water) ; [ed. as corrected in marginal note (v. also Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 300): D122 11113 ijab xrnia at P. the fish were laid dry (the water failing through some obstruction in the channel); Var. in Ar. "<K2b xmi2 (read 12) the B'ditha dried up].

^sO v m. pi. (preced.) dried up, laid dry. Kidd. 72a Stnaan 'V 1*1113*7 &n-S IBpX Ar. they surrounded (with nets, mats &c.) a pond of fish that were laid dry on the Sab- bath (to prevent the fish from being swept along with the comirig flood); [for differ, version and interpret., v. t*5p].

D^fcCb, v. r*-cA.

t :

J-> m. (b. h.) = 2b, heart; (in rabbinical homiletics) double heart, seat of two opposite inclinations (v. is";). Ber. IX, 5 (ref. to Deut. VI, 5) '=1 -p-*i i2UJ2 *j22b b32 'with all thy heart' means with both thy inclinations Ire. (i. e. break thy evil inclination for the love of God). Gen. R. s. 48 (ref. to Gen. XVIII, 5) '=1 'pN d322b 112"D1 it does not say here, 'comfort ye your Vbab, but your leb\ which intimates that the evil inclination has no power over angels; a. e. [Pesik. S'lih., p. 166a, v. next w.] PI. f. trhnK Tanh. Ki Thabo 1 (ref. to Deut. XXVI, 16) 21 'b ir-rtU . . . taibbBns DnxiD TOim when you pray before the Lord, you shall not have two hearts, one for the Lord, and one for another thing (idol); ib. 2. Sot. I, 8 'b 'a 235 (Bab. ed. p. 91' H1235) he deceived three hearts (v. 335). B. Bath. 12b before eating and drinking man has '31 'b T'i" two hearts (his thoughts are not clearly de- fined) &c. (ref. to Job XI, 12 'a hollow man is divided at heart').

- (b. h.) 1) to join closely; to tie. Part. pass. 212b, pi. yu!Q?. Sabb. V, 2 (52b) 'b -i«S1i tai13t wethers may be taken out (on the Sabbath) coupled ; expl. ib. 53b ilnin. Ib. Kin i211p1 JOUPb 'b ■WPl SSlUa "WO where is the proof that this root 22b has the meaning of bringing close together ? Answ. ref. to WQafc (Cant. IV, 9) 'thou hast chained me'; '21 02b 1533 crib ",i1ti'1p,,a IIS "YD!* S<bl2* Ulla says (I'bubin refers to) the skin which is tied against their chests to protect them from the attacks of wolves ; Y. ib. V, 7b bot. '31 1125 ',ni3 XiniH (v. ",1iD112).— 2) (denom. of 2b) part. pass. 212b (112?) a hide shotting a hole in the place corresponding to the heart. PI. 2"<212b, 11212b. Ab. Zar. II, 3 (29b) 'b M112* hides with holes &c. (are for- bidden, because the heart has been cut out for idolatrous

purposes); expl. Tosef. ib. IV (V), 7; Y. ib. II, 41b; Bab. ib. 32a.

Nif. 22b? to be tied around. Y. Sabb.X, end, 12d rniawn 222?ib .... he who makes a strap to be tied around (an animal's chest &c, v. supra); Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 13 22bb Pi.

Pi. 22"ib 1) to join, tie, v. supra. 2) (denom. of 2b) to encourage; to strengthen. Tanh. Sh'moth 14; Ex. R. s. 2 (play on rob, Ex. Ill, 2) '31 122bb (113) in order to make him courageous when he comes to Mount Sinai &c. Gen. R. s. 77 11X2 132^1 .... TTTi the king took his son and made him courageous by making him attack the (tamed) lion; Cant. R. to III, 6 122bs mm "nail nx am; 132 1533 he attacked the lion and incited him against his son. Pesik. S'lih., p. 166a [read:] 1135 ~\T\Z 22b "jn3 JlSi improve thy strength, strengthen thy powers, valiant man! (Ar. ed. Koh. r"11352 H3 22»b, oth. ed. fi11252 H3 22b join physical strength to valor).

amb, aesb, v. *2b.

"Q>, v. 12 III. 35 [to join,] to full, stamp. Part. pass. 112b q. v.


"Qv m. (preced., Arab, libd, v. Fl. to Levy Targ. Diet. I, p. 429 ') felt; thick, fulled or felted stuff made of wool, hair &c. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. V, 3 sq. (interch. with 112b). PI. ra*H2b, T"i2b. Ib. 3.— Esp. felt-cloaks. Ib. 1 1 . Tos. Neg. V, 1; 14. Kil. IX, 9 rallies', 'b felt-clothes (of mixed ma- terial) are forbidden.

K^b, '"0 ch. same.-P^T12b, ***$>, "*. Y. Ber. II, 5a top '31 'b fOR 122?nx he took to selling felt-clothes for children; Lam. R. to I, 16 ^T^b. Y. Sabb. VII, 10c bot. 'b "pbiXS like those felt-garments (which cannot be torn apart, but must be cut).

5^25 m. (preced.) the hairy side of cloth. Targ. Y. Lev. XIII, 55.

&TGb, v. ^312b.

^p'lDb m. pi. (v. Dip-Gib) Libyan asses. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXII, 16 Ar. (ed. -plpilb, ppl ymft, 1 ^ibll, read:

Op"D>, v. Gipi2ib.

rQv, v. 12b.


TQ^ m. (12b) 1)= 12b.— 2) compact, solid. Sabb. 97a; Succ. 16b i*al 'b3 i"iirbtt)o Dins b3 wherever there is a gap of less than three handbreadths, the parts so separated are considered as a solid (partition), e. g. a mat suspend- ed vertically so as to leave a gap of less than three hand- breadths from the ceiling and one of the same size from the floor is to be considered 'a solid wall completing the requirements of the Succah (v. "1212). Hence labud, the legal fiction of considering separated parts as united, if the gap is less than three handbreadths. Ib. M*m tVO '31 'b iin "fl^VM 'b in you might have thought we adopt one labud but not two labud (a fictitious connection with




the ceiling and with the floor) ; Erub. 9 ' "piiax nnx mia 'al mira 'b. lb. 41' the traditional rule aplies '31 'bbl 1Mb to the fiction of stretching (v. 133), of labud &c; Succ. 6b 'bbl Ms. M. (ed. 'bl, corr. ace). Erub. 9:l, v. BOr).

"HSj, ▼.'Wife.

D'tanb, v. B?b.

: - t

lp2b9 v. tw^.

fcO^* m. Cj3b) foundation. Sabb. 104", v. ',3b.

nj IJ> f. (b. h.; -,3b) [toAite] frankincense. Ker. 6a. Snh. 43:l they gave the culprit '31 'b bll3 Blip a grain of frankincense in a cup of wine to benumb his senses (v. CRDj; Treat. S'mah. ch. II, 9; a. fr.

SrG*Q>, ^?12Z1!P ch. same. Targ. Is. LX, 6 (some ed. nj-feb). Targ.T6.''Ex. XXX, 34; a. fr.

jmb, v. tt*.

KVJ> J y\ J J m. pi. (Liburnicus. cmp. Liburnici cu- culli, 8m. Ant. s. v. Cucullus) Liburnian mantles. Targ. Is. Ill, 22 (h. text mriBBB) ; ed. Wil. a. Bxt. 'b SOB'VU'mj, taking 'b as an adjective : Liburnian clothes; (ed.Lag. 'bl; Var. B«;UJ*ytaX KJByvh^j Ar. reads Xip313 to which

cmp. *vya i).

ILrG™ m. (b. h. ; ©3b) garment, covering. Ex. R. s. l iisa 11313b his dress was Egyptian. Ukts. I, 2 nb© 'bn the husk of the wheat grain ; a. fr. PI. B^ttwab, fn^dV. Snh. 90b *,m©>ab3 phap»e O^pIS the righteous who are buried in their garments, v.BilS; (Keth. Ill1' "jnittJIsbaB). Meg. 16b niaba iiawb n©an five official garments; Yalk. Esth. 1059 main b©Bi©13b; a. fr.— V. tt$ttJ>0.

JE^Qv, SI2J^D5, "tt ch. 1) same. Targ. Esth.IV,2. Targ. II KingsTIV, 42 irnj?Ol« (ed. Lag. rTOSVa); h. text 13bpiJ3); a. fr.— Keth. 63a '=1 ©13b ^3&ta ^XtiJ borrow dressy garments and cover thyself (to meet thy husband). Gen. R. s. 21 ITCH rWa m©13bl whose covering is a part of (inseparable from) its body. Taan.21l,,v.NnV1pi3.Sabb. 77h (playful etymology) n©13 Nb X©13b no shame. Nidd. 20a; a. fr.— P/."piri3b:, SMtiCb. Targ. Gen. Ill, 21. Targ. Esth. IV, 1 ; a.fr.— Tarn. 32aTaiS*i ywai purple garments; a. e. 2) circumvallation. Targ. Zech. XII, 6 1131 'b (h.

text irst fro).

13b) [that which is joined to an object,] vertical rim, edge (by which a flat utensil is made into a vessel-like recept- acle, v. BSfiBB a. 7}in). Pes. 48b 13t3b nb -px© nb3"J Ms. M. (ed. "pTSnb pi.) a board which has no edges; Kel. 11,3 TQtb (R. S.in some ed. ta'pab). Tosef. Ukts. II, 18 ©i© nbaa rw4 nb ed. Zuck. (oth. eth. pOJab). Tosef. Oh. XII, 5 an inverted vessel (v. n©iB3) tUBQ T^b nb ©1 which has a rim of one handbreadth projecting from the bottom (so that it can be used as a receptacle in its inverted state). Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. VI, 17 nrbn nb ©i (read HP

'b nb); Kel. Vill, B, v. ni^bx. Mikr. IV, 2 tsrab Hltfa. ed.; a. fr. H fty?^ "pTatb, 'nb. Pes. 1. c, v. supra. Krl. XVIII, 1 (ed. Dehr. 'ppapb); Tosef. ib. B.Mets.VIlI, 1 ffttrt ed. Zuck. (Var. r^W* ; oth. ed. Ttarfr).

"J-r? Pr- n- m' Libzah. Y. Shebi. IV, 35a bot. W*tea

'b ma, v. mm.


1Q23 (b. h.j cmp. Sam. 33b = n33>, Ex. XXII, 21, sq.) to knock about, to send from place to place. Mekh.B'shall., Amal., s. 2 iniasb xb 0ni3!*© when Abraham was to be shown the holy land (Gen. XI II, 14) they did not trouble him to leave his place, ITOlBSb n©31 but Moses they did put to the trouble &c. (Deut. Ill, 27). Part, pass, :313b, pi. Di!3l3b: outcasts. Gen. R. s. 52, beg., v. next w.

Nithpa. aabm to be troubled; to go from place to place. Sifre Num. 84 they began to murmur against the king IT "pi *l33bm© that they were troubled to make that journey (to meet him); ib. '31 'bns dbi3©3© . . ."[ban the king had a right to complain, for he had taken all that trouble for their sake; Yalk. Num. 729 (v. Targ. Hos. IV, 14 s. v. ©21).

DIP m. (preced.) trouble, misery. PI. B'roab, constr. i-J3b. ' Gen. R. s. 52, beg. (ref. to Prov. X, 8 [fl>, with play on -Jib) tttpsfy ">33b 1^2) K"3n Lot brought upon himself the miseries of the outcasts (ref. to Deut. XXIII, 4 sq.); Yalk. Prov. 946 O-^nb ^J3b troubles after troubles.


nD3, 5*05 (contr. of 3nb, to be bright; cmp. 3b3b, ■,ab II) ; Pi. na^b, nab to blow ablaze, enkindle. B. Kam. VI, 4 (59b) 5PTJ naban ^bl ma K3 if a third person came (after one brought the wood and another the light), and blew the wood ablaze, he who fanned the flame is responsible; 'al mm nna^b (Y. ed. ina^b, Misb. Nap., Ms. H. a. R. inab, '3pb, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30) if the wind enkindled it, all are free. Ib. 60a mm nra">bl '"b if he blew and the wind set the fire ablaze, i"«iaba U)"1 QX a^n nniabb ^ID if there was in his blow enough force to set it ablaze, he is guilty; Tosef. ib. VI, 22 ina^l na^, nia_Db "no. . . ed. Zuck. (Var. b for 3).— B. Kam. 1. c. "Oni js«) 'al '3 "Wl "|X73l... 'b he who teaches libbah is not at fault, nor is he who teaches nibbah (ref. for libbah to labbath, Ex. Ill, 2, for nibbah to 3^3, Is. LVII, 19); Y. ib. II, 5L top (ref. for nibbah to Jer. XX, 9 'it (the word of proph- ecy, v. X33) was in my heart like a burning fire'). Bab. ib. 1. c. '31 inabl misa mi3 ^blU "pas it means, if he blew while there was ordinary air stirring, and then an un- usual wind set in, and blew it ablaze, lb. 59 '' lb 10a 'bl nbm he placed in his charge glowing coals, and he (the irresponsible person) did the blowing, opp. to 10a rsnbtn lb. Y. Sabb. Ill, beg. 5C 'ai M11M mbs naba he lets hatchelled flax blaze over the hot ashes (so as to form a cover on which to place dishes for the Sabbath ; Tosef. ib. Ill, 2 ip^bin).

Nithpa. nabr-3 to flame up. Sabb. 37 ' nnafewi nadp





if after having covered the embers with ashes, the flames blazed up again; Y. ib. 1. c. nabrui.

S'D^ m. (b.h.; preced.) [the flame-colored, cmp.rvnx,] lion. Snh. 95a the lion has six names '21 'b "PE3 *W. Ib. 106a fisoabb 'b "pa . ... tB who will dare to throw his garment between the lion and the lioness? PL dn!!<ab. Y. Peah I, 16a (ref. to Ps. LVII, 5) UTTO *b "Pntt3 . . . ill this refers to Abner and Amasah who were lions in the Law (v. t1+»); Pesik. Par., p. 31b; a. e.

&T21? pr. n. pi. (?) Labia. Y. Shek. VII, 2 Bab. ed. 'Vi Xp-i:i2D Ms.M. (v. Rabb. D. S.a.l., p. 63, note, ed.^b"!; Y. ed. 50c bot. "iVi 'EX) in the inn of L.

n&TZ5, ^"'l^ f. (v. SOab) lioness. Snh. I06a, v. JOab.— Midr. Till. toPs. XXXIX; Yalk. ib. 721, v. Spate.

t ' t :

"Trf' v. x*ab.

mrnb, v. ^

"33, Tosef. Shebi. V, 7, v. rriB.

nyD5, v. nsab.

SST'3"lZlb f. ch.=h. rtjab, ferfet. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIV, 10, v. Kgtjrol. Targ. Gen. XI, 3 ed. Berl. xr^ab (oth.ed. xn^ab).— B. kam. 96b 'b ITmyi...,Wl if one stole earth . . . and made it into a brick; X1SS irp'OSI 'b if one stole a brick and crushed it to powder; a. e. PI. ""'33?, X*?ab, *Tb. Targ. Gen. 1. c— Targ. Ex. V, 7 sq.; a. e.

^P*2>m. pi. (v. Dab) caldrons. Targ. Y. Num. XXXI, 23.' '

D"pnnb, pp-ob, v. onb.

■p2TQ>> \^l)t '2n = "r^"l??nn, v. "fs-ebr;. tZftb, v. ©a>.

KTijnnb, v. ^nb ch.

J lIZj^Zl^ f. (ijab) putting on, dressing, opp. rWBJI) un- dressing. Yoma 32a '31 "JT2?I3 'b iia as well as dressing (the priest's putting on his priestly garments) requires sanctification (washing), so does &c. ; Y. ib. Ill, 40c tTQ 31 85"lpU 'b as well as he must sanctify himself for dress- ing &c. Lev. R. s. 22 '=1 Tnnn EPXbs rrjpab (I forbade thee) to wear clothes of mixed material, as an offset I permitted thee &c.

~\2* to hold f(tst(v.V.SmA882). Targ. Prov. XXXI, 19.

bnb, v. abab ii.

3*53" (v. nab) to bloom, sprout. Yoma 391' (ref. to -"" r,"Q,I Kings X, 21 as designating the Temple) "Wl na '31 ababa as the forest produces sprouts, so does the

Temple. Ib. 81b (expl. D^ca nblb) '31 tY*Va 'Obabtt) b3 such as sprouted forth between New Year and the Day of Atonement; a. e.

3^25 I ch. same. Targ. Ps. I, 3. Targ. Job. VIII, 19 ; a. e— Ab. Zar. 38b "ababa lpBSIX by the time they leave (the bathroom), the seeds blossom.

Ithpalp. ababnx same. Targ. Ps. XCII, 8.

3>J>II, l"""^ (v. preced.; cmp. meanings of bfis) to shout Targ. Y. IEx. xiv, 13 xababa; Illlbllba OVtbiiba); (corresp. to nix, Mekh. B'shall. s. 2). Pesik. Dibre, p. nob (expl. -pp, ^bnx, Is. X, 30) -jbip -pbab (Ms. 0. ynbab -jbpa, read "plbab; oth. Var., v. Buber a. 1. note); Yalk. Is. 284 p^bab (,corr. ace).

&GtQ3, fcO^nt), *yO m. (abab I) bloom, blossom. Targ. Job XV, 33 'b^b (ed. Lag. 'lba"b; h. text naj.— PI. pabab, ^bab, 'a^b. Targ. O. Gen. XL, 10 (Y. ed". Amst. xnaibab). Targ. Num. XVII, 23 (Y. II pms). Targ. Ps. I, V^iabab (ed. Lag. 'baib, Ms. iiabib).

1J>«J^ pr. n. pi. Lablabo, on the road from Acco to Ecdippa. Gitt. 7b; Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 14 -UXbsb; Y. Shebi. V, 36b bot. abab.— Tosef. I.e. 2 aiaab ed. Zuck. (Var. ;:ab; R. S. to Ohol. XVIII, 7 ',bab).


Sn'01323 f. (= "iabab, preced. art.), pi. ni'sibab Lab- labo grapes. Y. Bice. I, 63a bot.

"|n333, Pesik. Dibre, p. 110b, v. abab.

l^Jv, l>2 v m. (librarius) copyist, clerk, scribe. Sabb]"l,3 (lla) ;3l*'abn xbl (Y. ed. Vbh) nor must the scribe go out (shortly before the beginning of the Sab- bath) with his pen (behind his ear); Y. ib. 3b top. Gitt. Ill, 1 '=1 'bb lax if one says to the scribe &c, v. Itt^, Snh. 171' (among the requirements of a town in which a scholar should live) 'bl "jdlX XEl"i a physician, a surgeon and a clerk. Peah II, 6 'bn dins (Ms. M. ^baan); Naz. 56b 'bil Dirti Nahum the scribe; a. fr. PI. l^bab, *$. Sabb. lla. [Ib. 92b '21 nizbd "nbab pffl for the imperial scribes cany their bags that way ; prob. to be read "^ibaa,

v. ^ba-j.]

"ibQb, S")bnb, (^b), '2"b eh. same. Targ. II Chr. XX, 34. 'lb. XXIV.'ll ; a..~e.—Pl. p-lbab, X^bab, '^b. Ib. XXXIV, 13 ; 17 ; a. e.— Targ. Y. II Numixil,'" ftfc& WT»l, -p-ib^ab *i, read : p'lba'v? am chief clerk (a gloss to fXSTcmp q. v.).

Q3 I (b. h. ; deuom. of nsab) to make or pile bricks. B. Mets. X, 5 (1181') D^3ab IpHm "pHl but you are not per- mitted to pile up bricks (on the public road). Ib. "pbaiA

■p:alb xb bax tf«a Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note;

ed. D^ab; Y. ed. d^^abb) you may knead clay on the public road (for immediate use), but you are not permit- ted to form bricks; (Y. ed.: but not for making bricks). Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. Ill, 7 ; ib. Ohol. XVII, 7.




"Q2 II (cmp. fiab) to glisten.

Pi. "jab 1) to polish, brighten; to finish. Sabb. VII, 2 isabafil . . . TTUfi he who clips wool and he who cleanses it (by washing, removing clods &c); Y. ib. 10c top isabafi '31 1B5a*l "fifi under m'labben of the Mishnah is implied (any preparation for improving raw material, e. g.) he who pitches wood &c, v. ttgfy. Ib. DlUJa 3"^n pw^afi "jaba he who cleanses amiant (v. pa3"pax) comes under the law forbidding polishing (on the Sabbath). Tosef. Ber. VII (VI), 2; Ber. 58a; Y. ib. IX, 13c top '31 'bl Ttt he (Adam) clipped (wool) and cleansed &c. Ab. Zar. V, 12 '31 *,a^ IliO "jabb . . . 13TH2) fix such utensils as are or- dinarily cleansed by being put in the fire (metal spits &c.) he must cleanse by fire. Gen. R. s. 70 (play on "jab, Gen. XXIX, 5) do you know Him '31 "jabb iv© NlfittJ who will cleanse your sins to make them appear like snow (Is. I, 18)?; a. fr.— Part. pass, "jaiba finished, polished, re- fined. Nidd. 31a (of an embryo) niTal 'ba well-formed and of strong vitality; Snh. 70b; Num. R. s. 10.— Ib. S»lTia 'ba finished (refined) in wickedness, v. 01&31BX; Gen. R. s.60; Ruth R. to II, 1; Yalk. Gen. 109. Esp. a) to glaze tiles; to heat tiles. Bets. IV, 7 (33a) '31 nx paaba pK you must not heat (new) tiles (on Holy Days) for roasting on them ; Y. ib. IV, end, 62d Qipiiaa psaba 1aX1 "jKa he who says that you may heat tiles &c, refers to such as have been tested (to be sound under fire). b) (of metal utensils, v. supra) to glow. Hull. 8a '31 p3b 'b if one made a knife glowing hot and cut with it; a. fr. Part. pass, ^aiba, f. nsaiba. Y. Yeb. XVI, 15c bot.

Hithpa. "iabnn, Nithpa. "jabro l) to grow white, gloss?/, be cleansed. Ex. R. s. 23 (play on fiabtfj a. fiabiy) fiabujfi fia nsabnal milfil robsbna nxTfi as the garment gets soiled and is cleansed again &c. ; (Yalk. Cant. 982 HOaana). Ib.; Cant. R. to 1, 6 1BU '3 his tanned skin became white again, v. oa-ia.— 2) to be glowed, heated. Sabb. 27b ^Vw*tt0...p61WTI bundles of flax are considered finished after they are baked; Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch. XIII.

Hif. pabfi l) to grow white. Neg. I, 6 HS^VrYi . . . Wi if the hair was black and turned white. Ib. IV, 4 . . . plph2> paba "jttJSfil if their roots are black and their tops white. Yoma VI, 8; a. fr. 2) to whiten, cleanse. Cant. R. toV,ll '31 Cp3 pabfib to make white one wing of a raven. Yoma 39b the Temple is called Lebanon '31 pabattJ because it cleanses the sins &c Keth. 59b ma M* *p|^B fiSllfi he who desires to make his daughter white-complexioned (handsome); a. e. Transf. (with d^DB) to put to shame, expose. Ab. Ill, 11 '31 iJB pabafi he who exposes his fellowmau to shame in public. B. Mets. 59a Dltfb lb fi13 '31 paV> b&tl . . . b^tti man should rather have himself thrown into a furnace than put his neighbor to shame. Yalk. Deut. 938 Di-PDB paba rx I should put them to shame; (Pirke d'R. El. ch. XLIV fibaa, v. fibs). B. Mets. 58b Enal -jBTO "fat/a . . pabafi b3 he who puts his neigh- bor to public shame is considered as if he shed blood ; a. fr.— Y. Succ. V, 55c bot. (play on bai) V8 fia3 pab'auj lat it shames (excels) many a musical instrument.

Q^ ch. (denom. of Xjab, cmp. fi"1^) to liave a strong

rest; to be well balanced, Babb. 104;| h'WTa sits ipuj a"a

^sab *,aba nasi Ms. M. why has the word "ipia one single foot (in the letter p), while the letters of fiatf have a level foundation?; (ed. ffiwab ^aba nasi *np wna Kinx XTp^US falsehood (1pU3) stands on one leg, while the foundation of truth (naX) is level).

Pa. "jab to found, rest. Erub. 14a '31 Woa S-fib paba you may form a level rest for it by plastering, partly on this, partly on the other side, so that it will be firm. Part. pass, "jaba, v. supra.

"Ij" I (b. h.) pr. n. m. Laban, son of Bethuel, freq. ^1l!<nT/b L. the Aramaean. Snh. 105a. Ab. Zar. 3a 'b X13^ '31 let L. come and give testimony for Jacob &c. Gen. R. s. 60, v. Ot531BK. Koh. R. to II, 26; a. fr.


jJ> II m. (b. h. ; v. "jab) ivhite; tohite color, white sub- stance. Gen. R. s. 73 'b "3 a white child, opp. ifflia. Men. IV, 1 'bfi fiS . . . fibafifi the absence of the blue fringe is no obstacle to using the white one &c. Bekh. 451', v.pfia. Lev. R. s. 31 '31 'bfi -|ina fixn a*W pK man does not see through the white (of the eye). Yoma 75a rpbsias 'b, v. II. Ib. VII, 4, a. fr. 'b ^3 garments of white stuff. Ib. 1, v. rfkabX; a. v. fr.— 'b(fi) rTTto a bright, shadeless field, vegetable or grain field, opp.'jb^S filttJ orchard. Shebi. II, 1. M. Kat. I, 4C; a. fr.— PL d^ab, piab. Mikv. VIII, 2 d^aiUaS 'b (d^a) white and cohesive matter (urin). Tosef. Sabb. I, 22 'bfi white garments, opp. p"ias colored ; a. fr. —Fem. fisab. Y. Shek. VI, 49d bot. ; Cant. R. to V, 11 ITS* 'b white fire. Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch.XIII D^filUS fia 'b las *]X 'b as 'linen' means 'of natural white color', so does 'wool' &c. Gen. R. s. 73 'b IX fillfil!) is it the portrait of a black or of a white person ? ; a. fr. PL fiisab. Mace. 20b '31 'b dpbaa when he plucks the gray hair from among the black. B. Kam. 60b; a. fr.

"D5 ch. 1) same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXX, 37, v. next w.— *2) = X23b, brick. Targ.Y. II Ex. XXIV, 10 (Y. I, a. O.

px ; h.text roab).

"Dr, "Q5 n^<j m- ch.=h.fi33b, white poplar. Targ. O. Gen. XXX, 37 (Y. pb filBI, v. fi^B). Targ. Hos.IV, 13.

"htp> v. *,aib.

MDb, ,mO m. brick; pi. p?ab, 'a^b, v. Mnpab.

nDD^j "l5<> f- (b- h-j P^ stamp, tread, cmp. lab; v. Schr. KAT2,'p. 121 note) brick. Lev. R. s. 23 (ref. to Ex. XXIV, 10, cmp. Targ. Y. ib.) bax ibWD xbtt 19 fit 'zi "ifiifib 'b buj fia*fi fin^fi pin ibxssttja this (brick of sapphire under his feet) was before they (the Israelites) were redeemed, but after their redemption the brick was placed where it belonged. Kel.lX,6 '31 fisbsitt 'b a brick in which a metal ring has entirely disappeared; Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 12 '31 'ba fiSWDU; nsaa a ring which was stuck into a brick of soft clay. Ab. Zar. 46u 'b qptu;, v. 5]pt ; a. fr— PL D^ab, "*&. Ex. R. s. 5. Pirke d'R. El. ch. XL VI II 'bfi pilb pa between the layers of bricks. B.




Bath. I, 1; a. fr.— Trnsf. Vbenah, the larger portion of a line filled out with writing ; [Rashi : the blank], v. IT^t*.

rrab, b rpa v. nr».

n3!2^ f- (b. h.) 1) fern, of ",2V q. v.— 2) moon. Ber. 59b. Erub.Ve* '=1 'ba IX 'b n^TKI Kim provided the new moon sets in either at the moon-hour (the second hour of the night of the first day of the week and every eighth hour suceeding) or under the planet Tsedek (Jupiter). Fesik. R. s. 15, a. fr. 'ft tKXO, v. IT» II. lb. 'Vn TblO, v. SV». Gen. R. s. 33, end 'bil Wltf", v. DY»; a. fr.

■tob, atob, v. iabab.

113— * (b. h.) pr. n. Lebanon, the mountain range in the north of Palestine. Cant. E. to IV, 15 ... StnriUJ IS 'b poa until the decision (Halachah) sprouts forth (bright) like a kind of Lebanon; ib. V, 12 (cmp. abab) ; a. fr.— Metaph. King; Temple. Sifre Deut. 6 ; Gitt. 56b; Yoma 39b, v. ",?b. [Y. Kil. I, 27a bot,, 'b ^"fTD, v. paVte^TS.

n^'lDIlb f. Qab) whiteness. Neg. IV, 4 'ba WP rraa how much of the hair must be white (as a symptom of leprosy)?— Lev. R. s. 14 'b bl!5 rWB (not rP3lbab) a drop of white matter; Yalk. Lev. 547. Lev. R. 1. c. rfliab blU; Yalk. 1. c. Waiaab btt3; "Jin/ib bffl; (Ar. PWM fc», some ed. one w. rvynabia, corr. ace).

* *i«— "_i v. preced.

yoDb, i?nb, Pi. 0f wvov.

"|2Z~, '2"~ ch.=h. -p3D>. Targ. Is. XXIX, 17; a. e.— •Vl sp-iN, v. Kj3"lH II.

*C2~ m. (Xe^t);; cmp., however, DSb) caldron. Kel. XIV, 1 '(Var. OEb); Tosef. ib. B. Mets. IV, 1 '31 "^B ^1 the caldron (if defective) must be capable of serving as a receptacle for cups (in order to be fit for uncleanness). PI. Tp"nb. Sifre Num. 158 ■pO'ab (corr. ace; Pesik. Zutr. Matt., p. 279 ed. Bub. 'p&isb) ; v. K*0^>.

li???i v. ijjib.

. ninnip pr. n. Libruth, a river or canal. B. Mets.

87a 'Vi vernm is r^i nyia (Ms. m. nnab, Ms. r. rrtafc,

v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) it requires a Vav as large as a rudder on the L.; Meg. 16b (v. Rabb. D. S. a.l. note 6, a. &*T?! II).

*]iTJ"p5, "jiiajlQ^ m. (Xapparov, Xaupeaxov, S.) the emperor's portrait wreathed with laurels. Yalk. Ez. 356 '31 "jVa fWCb Clbaa (corr. ace.) she took the king's portrait and used it as fuel for making a hot drink, lb. ib» pyfla (corr. 'aba); Lam. R. to I, 9 iOC-ilb, read KO^yA (laureata, sc. imago). [Ar. s.v. WQ, quotes a Var. pmflD, for pmYO, a. expl. our w. = Dlpalp.]

"j"lnn!2>, Yalk. Esth. 1056, v. 'p^a.

&OT"Q>, J~Q3 m. pi. (v. "^TD I) Liburnian ships. Targ! Y.' li Num. XXIV, 24 '31 ',» 'ba (ed. Amst. K^aba,

corr. ace) on Liburnian ships from Rome; (Y.I &0313ab "p fiObliiK Sl&rai from Liburnia and the land of Italy). Targ. Y. H Deut. XXVIII, 68 (Y. I K"«sV^); v. TT&k

Hi7Z2^ (b. h.) [to join closely; denom. icob garment, whence] oab, UJab to be dressed; to put on (an under- garment), contrad. to q»S, !"J03. Y. R. Hash. I, 57 b top '31 qasrrai Di-ilTOJ ttJaib .... D1X a defendant before a human court puts on dark clothes and wraps himself in dark clothes,...; '31 OitfJaib xbx ",3 l^X bvrvsn ba&t but not so the Israelites (on the New Year), but they put on white (festive) clothes &e M. Kat. 17a '31 qosm fi-nirraj toa^ let him put on dark clothes &e; Kidd. 40a; Hag. 16a. Gen. R. s. 75 bits ''ttbft; Yalk. ib. 130 ^TUiab, v. bna. Ex. R. s. 15 '31 tIJiabb *H3 D'WQ strong enough to wear helmets &e ; a. fr.— Part. pass. BSbb, pi. tWtab. Ib. inxi D115 *ipx 'b one (the depth) was naked, the other (the earth) was covered (with water). Pesik. Ahare, p. 177b '31 D"0ab 'b clad in white and wrapped in white. Yalk. Gen. 130, v. supra; a. fr.

Pi. "flab to invest; part. pass, aaiba. B. Bath. 122a 'ba '31 D"Hli< invested with the Urim and Tummim. Tosef. Ohol. XIII, 5 [read with R. S. to Ohol. XII, 4) ttttti fOba nip^Sa ©alba a bed frame upholstered with tufts.

Hif. aStairi to clothe, invest. Ex. R. 1. c B**8»n

l"P3nb Werabrilhe caused one slave to take off his garment and the other to put it on. Sot. 14a qx . . . UPaba KV\ ITB '31 TZJabfi nnx as He clothes the naked..., so do thou &e Tanh. Haye 3 '31 -pi "b3 "^abai (not a^abai) and clothes them in armor &e Ib. (ref. to Ps. CIV, 1) rp naabrtU VWiPi n^a that is the strength with which I invested thee at the Red Sea. Ib/31 1©S<*ib tW$*) yum -niri^ part of thy glory and majesty hast thou put on Abraham's head by granting him the dignity of old age. Yoma 5 b "i^'abti ^iS^a in what order did Moses clothe them? Y. Shek. V, 49a (expl. ahpBan Ores, ib. V, 1, Mish. ed. VK&HBtl b>3>) TttW '31 ilJa la^aba he invested (the appointed person) with (had in charge) the high priest's garments; a. fr.

I2J5?» '^^^» ^1rl<1 ch- same- Tar8- Gen- XXXVIII, 19; a. fr.— Part, diab, ^ab. Targ. Job XXVII, 17. Targ. Ez. IX, 2; a. fr.— Ber. 28a ^Ktfl Vfm dab^ K*ia Wlb~l pta niirabx jtJXI ... let him who has been invested with the priest's cloak wear it; or shall he who is not invested say to him who has been, take off thy cloak, and I will put it on ? ; i. e. let us respect the hereditary office of the Nasi, v. rtW. Keth. 54a tf&ah inainOS'W WWfriai SOS she put on all her dresses and wraps. Sabb. 10b [read :] ",-ppi ^'^tfjiabx xrVvp (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30) cloaks are precious on those who are invested with them, i. e. a pupil likes to quote his teacher; a. fr.

Af. la-obx 1) same. Targ. Ps. XCIII, 1 ; a. e.— Ber. 1. e Ms. M. i-Pi'vaabK, v. supra.-2)£o clothe. Targ. Ps. CXXXH, 16. Targ. Job XXIX, 14 i2:cabxi and it clothed (protect- ed) me; a. e. Kidd. 30b n^Co'in no-sbJI (not tlTWjVl) and let him clothe and cover her. Y. Keth. XII, 35a top "W«Sab»; Y. Kil. IX, 32b top i3TOaba (corr. ace), v. fitp-fiptt. Tam. 32a; a. e.— Trnsf. to take hold of, seize. Kidd. 81b pneabx "IS"1 (her bashfulness in the presence of




her father is a sign that) sensuality has seized her; Keth. 51bi"Umbst "is"1 passion has overpowered her (she speaks under the influence of sensual excitement).

A, Mb or «|b, v. *fc> KB&

Wb, "«&, v. K$.

Dp"tf 5, Y. Sabb. V, beg. 7b, v. Wip^M.

»TD"Ub, v. **a*.